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Use visual mnemonics when your child is a visual learner and needs to recognize new items, word-pairs or words that can't be meaningfully connected. Keyword, face-name and story mnemonics are helpful strategies in these cases.
A keyword is a familiar word that sounds similar to the word or idea being taught. A mental visual or an illustration link the prior and new information in your child's memory.
For example, to remember that the capital city of Maryland is Annapolis, your child can picture two apples getting married (Maryland is marry and Annapolis is apple).
The face-name method is a type of keyword strategy. It connects a person or animal's name to an image or a verbal link. For example, to recognize Monet's "Water Lilies," imagine money raining down on and being gathered up into a giant water lily. This method is best for remembering names and related information when the information includes a person's name and face, an artist's name and work, or the names of animals, minerals and dinosaurs with their images.
The story method is the most easily-learned list mnemonic strategy. Humans think in stories, so stories are easy for us to remember. The story method links the words to be learned in a story. It is best for remembering words when it tells a short story, it uses familiar words and includes fewer than nine items. The following is a story for remembering the items a child should bring on a whale watching field trip (permission slip, fruit snack, lunch, hat, dark glasses, sunscreen and tennis shoes):
As he boards his whale watching boat, Captain Permission slips on a banana that fell out of his lunch bag. His hat flies off and is caught by a seagull wearing dark glasses. The seagull drops the hat onto the head of a surprised sea lion that is putting on sunscreen and wearing pink tennis shoes.